The Trivium is a three-stage educational method which conducts a student through his course of learning in a way which correlates systematically with his natural developmental stages.

The first stage of this three-part methodology is the grammar stage, during which time young students are most able to memorize the many facts and particulars of each subject area. The grammar stage corresponds approximately with the elementary school years. Students learn and memorize the grammar of math (addition and subtraction facts, multiplication tables, the ordering of time and money), geography (mountains, rivers, state capitals), science (formulas, definitions), history (wars, kings, dates), reading (phonetic sounds, letters), and so on.

Students then proceed (at around the time of the middle school years) to take the facts and knowledge they’ve accumulated and study their relationships during what is known as the logic stage. Students analyze how the many pieces of what they’ve learned affect one another and learn to reason using the laws of formal logic and correct argumentation.

In the third stage of the Trivium, students focus on learning to express themselves with excellence. The material which they’ve accumulated in the grammar stage, and learned to analyze and understand in the dialectic stage, is now polished and presented in the rhetoric stage. The later high school years, which correspond with the rhetoric stage, are a time of learning to communicate and present knowledge in a manner which is worthy of the excellent education our students have received.

These three stages, grammar, logic, and rhetoric, compose the Trivium and are the methodological backbone of a Legacy Academy education.
For a more in-depth examination of the the Trivium, read Dorothy Sayer’s article, The Lost Tools of Learning.